From Maastricht to Brexit by Richard Bellamy and Dario Castiglione

ECTS Credits

Participants have the opportunity to have up to four ECTS credits (for a Main course only) confirmed by the University of Bamberg, based on a total workload of 30 hours for one credit.

On successful completion of the required work as detailed below, and following receipt of your grades from the instructor, the ECPR will send participants a credit certificate awarded based on the University of Bamberg's rules. It is for the participants’ home institutions to recognise these credits.

In addition to ECTS Credit certificates, all participants who attend 80% of their course classes will receive a certificate of attendance, provided that they attend the sessions and sign the attendance sheets.

Please note, if participants wish to obtain credits they must inform their Instructor on the first day of the course, when they sign the attendance sheet in class.


Preparatory Courses

No ECTS credits are awarded for these courses (only a Certificate of Attendance).


Main Courses

ECTS credits are awarded for successful completion of the following:

  • Participants attending the course: 2 credits (pass/fail grade) The workload for the calculation of ECTS credits is based on the assumption that students attend classes and carry out the necessary reading and/or other work prior to, and after, classes.
  • Participants attending the course and completing one task (see below): 3 credits (to be graded)
  • Participants attending the course, and completing two tasks (see below): 4 credits (to be graded)



The task(s) to be assessed by the instructor and required to acquire credits are listed below and must be graded (see below under tasks).

  • Daily assignments (graded daily, without feedback, as 0 - Did not submit, 1 - Insufficient, 2 - Sufficient, 3 - Excellent)
  • Take-home or seated exam (we will arrange a date suitable for everyone)
  • Take-home paper (the Instructor will set a deadline for completion but no later than three weeks after the end of the course)
  • Class project

We ask instructors to make available at least two of these four options to the students.


Description of the Institutional Grading System

  1. Very good (pass)
  2. Good (pass)
  3. Satisfactory (pass)
  4. Sufficient (pass)
  5. Unsatisfactory

Indicative Conversion Table

Each country or/and institution may have their own conversion tables for grades. This scale is merely designed to facilitate conversion and provide some first and general indication about the grading used by the Winter School instructors. Local institutions will convert the scale according to their own conversion tables.

Grading System Grade Points     Germany    United Kingdon The Nertherlands Switzerland     USA  
1 97-100 1.0-1.3 70-100 8.5-10 5.5-6.0   A+
93-96 A
91-92   A-
89-90   A-
2 85-88 1.7-2.3 60-69 7-8 5.0    B+
81-84 B
80 B
76-79   B-
3 72-75 2.7-3.3 50.59 6-6.5 4.5    C+
71 C
67-70 C
63-66   C-
4 61-62 3.7-4.0 40-49 5.5 4.0    D+
59-60    D+
55-58 D
51-54  D-
5 41-50 <4.0 <40 <5.5 <4.0 F
1-40 F

Please note, if participants wish to obtain credits they must inform their Instructor on the first day of the course when they sign the attendance sheet in class.


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