ECPR

Install the app

Install this application on your home screen for quick and easy access when you’re on the go.

Just tap Share then “Add to Home Screen”

ECPR

Install the app

Install this application on your home screen for quick and easy access when you’re on the go.

Just tap Share then “Add to Home Screen”

Contagion, Socialisation, or Kinship? Quotas and Gendered Career Differences in Transnational European Party Families

European Politics
European Union
Gender
EU8
Jonathan Zeitlin
University of Amsterdam
Nathalie Brack
Université Libre de Bruxelles

Thursday 15:00 - 16:30 (20/04/2023)


Abstract

Speakers: William Daniel, Andrea Aldrich Do gender equality norms spread within party families via the use of gender quotas? We investigate this question by examining gender equality in the candidate selection and leadership allocation practices within the European Parliament (EP) over time, asking whether and how political parties learn from one another in the presence of gender quotas. We focus on this through the lens of the European Parliament’s (EP) political groups (EPGs), where national parties have the unique opportunity to collaborate in transnational party blocs. We frame this discussion using three different theoretical perspectives – contagion, socialisation, and kinship – which are themselves familiar to the literature on both elections and politics and gender. Using novel quantitative data on MEP careers and EPG electoral and membership lists from 1979-2021, we assess the impact of quota regimes on gendered patterns of career advancement within the EP. We complement our findings with qualitative interview and archival data to explore how career data can be used to trace the spread of gender equality among legislators and legislative groups. Given the supranational nature of EP political contestation (e.g., the current discussion over transnational lists is 2024), our findings have particular ramifications for the promotion of gender equality in the European national political systems.