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Populism, Democratization and Democracy in Latin America

Citizenship
Comparative Politics
Democracy
Democratisation
Latin America
Populism
Political Regime
Enrique Peruzzotti
TORCUATO DI TELLA Universidad
Enrique Peruzzotti
TORCUATO DI TELLA Universidad

Abstract

The paper analyzes the historical trajectory of populism in the region by contrasting classical and contemporary expressions of the phenomena. A key difference between old and new expressions of populism is that the latter take place in already democratized societies. That was not the case of classical regimes which promoted a transition away from dictatorial o oligarchic regimes to populist democracy. By contrast, the recent wave of populism operates in a context where democracy and the rule of law has been established. While classical experiences can claim a democratizing record, contemporary regimes have a more complicated relationship to democracy. The paper contrast two populist experiences to stress the continuities and discontinuities of Latin American populism.