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The Civic Turn in European Immigrant Integration Policies

National Identity
Workshop Number
Workshop Director
Karin Borevi
Södertörn University
Workshop Co-Director
Per Mouritsen
Aarhus Universitet

In recent years, scholars have observed a restrictive turn in West European immigrant integration policies towards ‘civic’ conditioning, including testing of competences in the language, history and political values of the recipient society, political loyalty, as well as employment relevant skills, as a condition for permanent residence and citizenship. Broadly speaking research presents two opposing accounts of this development. One line of research sees a ‘liberal’ convergence towards a model of civic integration with a focus on labour market integration and universal liberal values. Here, national distinctiveness, as well as nationalism as a driving force, is losing ground to a common West European approach, which responds to common structural conditions. Another line of research maintain that national models are resilient, and that though variation in policy instruments may diminish, we still see significant – if not increasing – variation in how countries use these instruments in terms of difficulty, sequencing and scope.
However, as the field tries to progress, no broadly accepted definition of its central concepts such as ‘civic integration’, ‘national model’ and ‘convergence’ has emerged. Secondly, talk of convergence rarely specifies the scope across policy dimensions (e.g., all or only some policy goals, instruments and settings) and policy areas (e.g., residence, citizenship, family reunification, education, anti-discrimination?). Thirdly, the so far scarce dialogue between ideational (e.g., national identity/culture), institutional (e.g., path dependency), structural (e.g., globalization) and power (e.g., strength of radical right) explanations of national differences/similarities needs to be cultivated and advanced. Moreover, convincing empirical tests must be developed to show these mechanisms at work. Finally, the normative evaluation of civic integration policies remains strangely undeveloped.
This workshop invites empirically founded, theoretical-conceptual, comparative, policy-oriented and normative papers addressing all these interconnected questions, to be developed, hopefully, in a special issue of a good journal in the field.

Paper List

Australian Multiculturalism as a Tool for Civic Integration and Cosmopolitanism: An Example for Europe View Paper Details
Citizenship, Welfare and Social Cohesion: Is there a Civic Turn in Norwegian Integration Policy? View Paper Details
Civic but Post-Secular: Contrasting Tendencies in the Management of Diversity View Paper Details
Civic Integration Policies in New Immigration Countries: The Case of Ireland View Paper Details
Constructions of National Identity and Attitudes to Immigration View Paper Details
Convergence or Diversity? A Comparative Analysis of Scandinavian Introduction Programmes for Newly Arrived Refugees View Paper Details
Curriculum to Classroom − Civics in Finnish Integration Courses View Paper Details
Diversity and Solidarity in Denmark and Sweden View Paper Details
From Liberal Nationalism to the Nationalisation of Liberal Values? Towards a Conceptualisation and Normative Assessment of the Relation between Liberalism and Nationalism in Contemporary Constructions of National Identity View Paper Details
Ideas and Migration Policies: Reassessing the Debate on Migration Policymaking from an Ideational Perspective View Paper Details
Immigrant Integration in Times of Economic Crisis View Paper Details
Is it Really about Values? Civic Nationalism and Immigrant Integration View Paper Details
Language Requirement for Immigrants: An Indicator of the Civic Turn in Integration Policies or Sign of the Persistence of an Assimilationist Model? View Paper Details
On the Meaning of Civic Integration: A Socio-Political Analysis of the Citizenship Case Law of the Spanish Supreme Court, 2004 − 2014 View Paper Details
Social Participation of Immigrants: Does Culture Matter? View Paper Details
The Danish Philosophy of Integration and Citizenship Education View Paper Details
The Monetary Dimension of Civic Integration: Economic Criteria for Naturalisation in Western European Countries View Paper Details
Two Sides of the Same Coin or Complete Opposites? The Establishment and Continuous Development of Labour Market Integration Policies in the Scandinavian Countries from 1970 to 2014 View Paper Details
Varieties of Leitkultur Debates in North-Western Europe View Paper Details
What Do We Talk About When We Talk About 'Integration'? View Paper Details
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