Building: VMP 5 Floor: Ground Room: 029
International treaties may be monitored by international bureaucracies, by independent experts, or by state delegates. This Panel discusses why and under what conditions states make use of monitoring by bureaucrats, experts, or state representatives and the different types of expertise these groups possess. Another focus is on how these various types of actors interact in the process of monitoring, and how bureaucrats, experts, and representatives gain authority as monitors. Papers in this Panel disaggregate the abstract concept of monitoring and zoom in on the concrete actors and interactions involved in the process.