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Political Research Exchange

Measuring Populism from Political Text: (Thin) Ideology, Rhetoric, Discourse Quality, Civility and Linguistic Style

Populism
 
Communication
 
Big Data
 
Panel Number
P262
Panel Chair
Julian Bernauer
Universität Mannheim
Panel Co-Chair
Denise Traber
University of Lucerne
Panel Discussant
Denise Traber
University of Lucerne

Time
25/08/2018 09:00 - 10:40
Location
Building: VMP 8 Floor: 2 Room: 207
Abstract
The panel focuses on the measurement of the elusive concept of populism across sources. A variety of conceptual perspectives is encouraged. Moving from substance to structure, examples include definitions of populism as a (thin) ideology or a set of rhetorical elements stressing a perceived antagonism between the people and the elites, populism as indicated by low levels of discourse quality or civility or as reflected in a linguistic style marked by low lexical variety and simple syntax. Potential text sources include party manifestos, speeches as well as social and conventional media data. Typically, this requires some added efforts such as the creation of a dictionary, as for instance populist statements need to be identified and filtered from the bulk of party manifesto or Twitter texts. Methodologically, the panel is open to any approach from quantitative text analysis to qualitative assessments. Papers are invited which for instance:
- Measure populist rhetoric, discourse quality or linguistic structure from a variety of sources.
- Investigate which modeling approach fits which data source best. Is it for instance more appropriate to use classifiers on Twitter data rather than scaling models?
- Show ways of dealing with the extreme scales of social media data and the resulting challenges (“big data”).
- Explore options to bridge language barriers in the measurement of populism.
- Apply measures of populism to substantial research questions, for example related to the variation of populism across parties or its consequences.

Paper List


Title Details
Classification of Populist Discourse in Social Media View Paper Details
How to Measure Populism? Empirical Evidence for a New Dictionary Approach View Paper Details
Populism as a Style of Political Communication. The Challenge of Measuring Populism Through Metaphors View Paper Details
Populist Political Communication Going Mainstream? Populism in the Discursive and Communicative Strategies of Mainstream Centre-Left Political Parties in Western Europe View Paper Details
Tabloidization of the Political Discourse View Paper Details
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