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Democracy, Autocracy, and Paternal Presidentialism in Post-Soviet States

Comparative Politics
 
Constitutions
 
Democracy
 
Democratisation
 
Institutions
 
National Identity
 
Comparative Perspective
 
Political Regime
 
Panel Number
P084
Panel Chair
Mara Morini
Università degli Studi di Genova
Panel Co-Chair
Marina Glaser (Kukartseva)
National Research University, Higher School of Economics – HSE
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Time
04/09/2019 13:00
Location
Building: (Building C) Faculty of Law, Administration & Economics Floor: 4th floor Room: 403
Abstract
Research on democratization in post-soviet States has revealed very different transition paths: from a considerably successful adoption of the rules and principles of democratic states then back toward various forms of authoritarian, and /or the development of hybrid regimes.

These political events have paved the way to different terms to describe the regime change in post-communist countries such as “delegated democracy”, “sovereign democracy”, “managed democracy”, “super-presidential Republic”, “paternal presidentialism”, “elected monarchism”, “Putinism”, “Caeser’s rule” (Shlapentokh 2007) .

The aim of this panel is to focus on the context and ways in which the personal characteristics of Presidents who portray themselves as “paternal protectors looking after his people” – God, King, father appeal - play a crucial role in shaping different institutional features of “presidentialism” (O’Donnell 1994).

The panel will adopt a comparative approach, aiming to explore political, geopolitical, economic , cultural and social patterns of paternal presidentialism in the Southern, Eastern and Western post-Soviet States as well as in the Russian Federation. The discussion will be focused on a few grouping topics rather than on examining mainly institutional settings.

These topics are:
1) Transformations of political systems and regime cycle;
2) Presidents’ role in the regime change;
3) social, economic, geopolitical determinants for the emergence of paternal presidentialism;
4) revisited conceptualization of the term “patrimonial”;
5) cultural and traditional elements which influence the emergence of patrimonial presidents.

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"In all forms of Government the people is the true Legislator" - Edmund Burke


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