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Strategies of Secession and Counter-Secession

Beyond Conditionality: Development Policies of the EU 'Emergent Donors' in Comparative Perspective

Europe (Central and Eastern)
Public Policy
European Union
Luciana Alexandra Ghica
University of Bucharest
Luciana Alexandra Ghica
University of Bucharest

This paper analyzes comparatively the international development policies of the countries that joined the European Union in 2004, 2007 and 2013, as well as the relation of these national policies to the larger EU development policy framework. Drawing on comparative politics, international relations and European studies literature, as well as on a large set of qualitative and quantitative data, including interviews that the author conducted with stakeholders from all these countries, the study examines to what extent these policies reflect distinct patterns of official development aid (ODA) behaviour compared to the other EU member states and whether a former communist/East European policy pattern might be identified in this area. In this endeavour, the paper addresses major issues for the assessment of the EU eastern enlargement and EU integration such as the nexus between democratisation, foreign policy, social justice, local-global relation and the policy impact of institutional/discursive dynamics. At the same time, it also joins the recent international debates on the new global political phenomenon of emerging ODA donors. Unlike previous research on the topic, the study offers the first in-depth comparative analysis in the field of international development policies of ALL the thirteen countries that became EU members since 2004 onwards, placing thus the Eastern enlargement within both the EU integration debate and the larger regional and temporal context of the enlargement processes. The research is part of a two-year project funded by the Romanian National Research Council started in 2013 and that would produce by early 2015 an English-language monograph on this topic. The ECPR workshop is excellently timed for presenting the results of the fieldwork, with the aim of gathering professional feedback on the topic and contributing to a focused interdisciplinary dialogue, relevant for colleagues from other fields and areas of specialisation.
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