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2021 Conference of the ECPR Standing Group on Politics and Gender

When a Predator Culture meets a Prey Culture

Ethnic Conflict
Human Rights
Comparative Perspective
Ande Somby
UiT – Norges Arktiske Universitet
Ande Somby
UiT – Norges Arktiske Universitet

What is the structure of the process when one culture weakens and eventually kills and consumes another culture? This question is relevant for a number of indigenous cultures. The process of dissolvement Seems to come from everywhere, and The Culture Seems just to disappear in front of the eyes of its members. It is almost as to be an inhabitant on a planet that slowly is sucked up by a black hole. The presentation aims to outline a theoretical analytical framework to analyze such a process. One of the questions asked is if can be understood by rational means and eventually by which type of rational model. The paper is an attempt to do a structure by using a traditional Aristotelian goals and means model. What kind of goals can be in play in that kind of cultural meeting? The second theoretical inspiration is a Machivellian realism. The third inspiration is a focus on Focaultian latent functions as contextualized to the Nordic Legal sociology (Mathiesen 2012) leaving aside the question to what extent the process is founded on intentions. The paper aims to analyze indigenous cultures in general. As I am situated in Norwegian context as a Sami person, my examples and illustrations vil draw inspiration from the Norwegian Sami processes. To what extent are we looking at the stronger culture grabbing the natural resources from the weaker culture? If so what are the means used by the stronger culture? What are the means of the weaker culture to defend itself? What role do corresponding goals such as territorial control for the stronger culture over the weaker culture, internal control over the weaker culture, control over the predator cultures self image and the external image play in such a process and what kinds of means are in play? What kind of counter means are at hand for the prey culture and to what extent are they able to use them? And what about having control over the remains of the prey culture? What kinds of means are at play? Can folklorising and commodofication as it happens with Sámi Culture in Finland be understood as elements of such a context? How are the prey cultures able to defend themselves?
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