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ECPR Journals Virtual Special Issue

Noncitizenism and the Global Compact for Migration

Tendayi Bloom
The Open University
Tendayi Bloom
The Open University

In December 2018 the international community adopted the global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. This followed a process that lasted just over two years. The resulting document is unique in several ways. It provides a coherent approach to migration, bringing together many policy areas. It also represents a new sort of document in its own right. The process that led to this document is also interesting, including the way in which it engaged with a range of participants. Some members of global civil society celebrate the process while others are more critical. The proposed paper will present the results of a study into the role of those I refer to as ‘noncitizens’ in that process. It will be based on semi-structured interviews with key actors, documentary research, and event observation. It will combine theoretical framing with a real-world case study. By ‘noncitizens’ I do not only refer to those who do not have citizenship in the country in which they are living, but more broadly to those without full political recognition. In this paper, I will situate noncitizen engagement in the global compact for migration in the context of a complex and contested history of civil society engagement in global migration governance processes. I will use the practical case of the global compact for migration to re-examine terminology and theoretical approaches. The paper will test my theoretical notion of ‘noncitizenism’ and develop it for the international context.
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