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The E-Petitioning Between Mobilization and Clicktivism. Sociology of E-Petitioners

Cyber Politics
Political Sociology
Internet
Protests
Jean-Gabriel Contamin
Institut d'Études Politiques de Lille
Jean-Gabriel Contamin
Institut d'Études Politiques de Lille

Abstract

New technologies are often presented as a way for revitalizing democracy, allowing both the remobilization of those who are disappointed by traditional democracy and the mobilization of new categories of people. Yet the findings of the increasingly numerous works which, for twenty years, have studied "digital democracy" and more specifically the political effects of ICT on political participation, remain contradictory. Those who see in those practices a sign of a more distant relationship to politics (clicktivism) oppose those who insist on the plural relationships to politics. Most of these works are however based on surveys that take into account a generic behavior and only give a general characterization of e-participants compared to other participants. On the contrary, we would like in this contribution, building on the model of what Olivier Fillieule and al (1997) carried out for demonstrations, to focus on mobilized actors themselves, using database of e-petitions and questionnaires sent to all signatories, in order to analyse as concretely as possible their sociodemographic profile, their relationship to politics and their political practices in their diversity.