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The Role of political parties In developing countries (Iran case study)

Abdolaziz Moloudi
Elmi - Karbordi University
Abdolaziz Moloudi
Elmi - Karbordi University
Abdolaziz Moloudi
Elmi - Karbordi University
Open Panel

Abstract

In The third millennium AD, the issue of political development in developing countries is essential. Political development is defined as moving toward a system that has ability to respond to people''s demands. When a political system loses this ability for responding to these demands and system''s behavior is criticized or refused, the Legitimacy crisis occurs. To achieve legitimacy requires paying attention to the demands of the people. the political system should allow the people to participate in the political process .In this process political parties play an important role. It is believed that democratic politics is a special feature of political development. Democracy is a way that within the political, social, economical, and cultural capacity of society can be applied. By Increasing these capacities, development possibility of democracy will be further expanded. But democracy and political parties in developing countries are facing with some serious problems. The main purpose of this article is a case study of society and government in Iran after the Iranian revolution especially in the reform period and after the recent election in 2009.