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Allying for Change: Social Movements and the Politics of Coalition Building in the Middle East

Contentious Politics
Social Movements
Coalition
P014
Yasmine Berriane
University of Zurich
Marie Duboc
Universität Tübingen
Marie Duboc
Universität Tübingen

Saturday 14:00 - 15:40 (09/09/2017)

Building: BL09 Eilert Sundts hus, A-Blokka Floor: 1 Room: ES AUD4

Abstract

Coalitions of actors that have traditionally not been allies but who are joining forces to reach a common goal have gained in number since the beginning of the years 2000 in North Africa and the Middle East. Bridging social, regional and ideological divides, they have developed in various social spaces such as anti-regime oppositions, anti-globalisation networks, and movements claiming economic rights, equal distribution of resources and social justice. Within such alliances, Islamists have allied with leftists, urban with rural protestors, lawyers with peasants, or workers with students. Such processes of networking have contributed to setting the basis for the broad-based uprisings that shook the region from 2010-2011. They are also a striking feature of contemporary social movements in other parts of the world. Yet, they have received relatively little empirical attention, particularly in authoritarian and constrained settings. Focusing on political developments in the Arab region, this panel explores the question of the role of coalitions in contentious politics. It will discuss how coalitions of actors and organizations with different repertoires, social capital and interests come into being; how these differences are bridged and a minimal degree of unity and coherence built, and finally what kind of tensions and power struggles emerge within such coalitions. The papers that constitute this panel are informed by empirically-based research, relying on historical, anthropological and sociological approaches.
Title Details
Protest Coalitions and 'Social Divides': Theoretical Perspectives from the Middle East View Paper Details
Crossing the Border. Trans-ideological co-operation in the Egyptian Revolution View Paper Details
The Rise and Fall of Cross-Ideological Political Cooperation in Yemen View Paper Details