ECPR

Install the app

Install this application on your home screen for quick and easy access when you’re on the go.

Just tap Share then “Add to Home Screen”

ECPR

Install the app

Install this application on your home screen for quick and easy access when you’re on the go.

Just tap Share then “Add to Home Screen”

Why do asylum seekers choose Hungary as an entry point to the European Union? – An econometric analysis

Europe (Central and Eastern)
European Union
Migration
Regression
András Tétényi
Corvinus University of Budapest
Tamás Barczikay
Corvinus University of Budapest
Balázs Szent-Iványi
Aston University
András Tétényi
Corvinus University of Budapest
Download Full Paper

Abstract

Since 2010 the number of applications for asylum to the European Union (EU) has been increasing constantly, having reached 1,076,685 asylum applications until the end of December 2015. In parallel with the growing number of asylum seekers, the entry point to the European Union has also undergone considerable change: whereas in 2010 less than 1% of asylum seekers applied for refugee status in Hungary, by the end of 2015 this has increased to 16,5% (Eurostat 2015). Empirical research on the determinants of asylum seeker behaviour has so far neglected one important issue: why a growing number of asylum seekers have chosen East Central Europe, and mainly Hungary, as their point of entry to the European Union. The article utilises pooled regressional analysis to discover the elements of the relative attractiveness of Hungary as an entry point. The results from a dyadic panel over the time period from 2000 to 2015 demonstrate, that because of the relative safety of the route through the Balkans, the lower costs of transit, the relative proximity to destination countries experiencing civil war, have led to the rise of asylum applications in Hungary, despite the low acceptance rates. The article contributes to our understanding of asylum seeker behaviour, particularly in relation those seeking entry in East Central Europe, and therefore assists in providing appropriate policy responses both on the local and on the European level.