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Welfare in the Andean Countries: Changes and Continuities

Public Policy
Social Welfare
Welfare State
Political Sociology
Gemma Ubasart-González
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Gemma Ubasart-González
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Abstract

The existence of an expansive economic cycle and the emergence of governments considered “left” or “progressive” has mutated the map of welfare regimes models in the Latin American region in the XXI century. The nationally transformative experiences are different (various socio-economic realities and political action in which they are located exists) but they have several contact points that can be summarized in a greater state intervention in different areas previously closed to their operating and recovery of important functions of welfare and care of the population by the government. The paper discusses with an exploratory and descriptive approach the welfare schemes that would shape in an area of the region: the Andean countries. We considerer the cases of Ecuador, Bolivia and Perú. In the first two cases, change processes have been developed, following the “ola rosa”, including constitutional transformations. In the latter case the neoliberal cycle is not interrupted.