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Ethnography of the teaching world: the roots of the political participation

Open Panel

Abstract

In France, the professors are considered as much mobilized (J. Girault, ‘Instituteurs, professeurs : Une culture syndicale dans la société française (fin XIXe-XXe siècle)’, 1996). If rare works study the local movements (B.Geay, ‘Profession: Instituteurs. Mémoire politique et action syndicale’, 1999 ; F. Poupeau, ‘Contestations scolaires et ordre social. Les enseignants de Seine-Saint-Denis en grève’, 2004), we can regret their low interest for the concrete practices of political participation. This criticism can be also sent to the analysis in political science where the common political behaviors live under the cup of the quantitative analysis. In a recent article, Nicolas Mariot insists on the underdevelopment of the ethnography of the citizenship which allows nevertheless revealing practices of political participation. This one calls to take into account "the dynamics of the interpersonal exchanges which characterizes the chosen environment of inquire." (N. Mariot, ‘Pourquoi il n’existe pas d’ethnographie de la citoyenneté’, Politix, 4, 2010 : 172) From the case of the teachers of the secondary, this communication proposes to analyze the practices of raising awareness deployed in the professional frame to develop the political participation. By analyzing the daily interactions within the teaching profession, the work of local labor unions, it is possible to kick away the forms of production and maintenance of politics. By making the round trip between the individual trajectories and the political collectives, we can understand, according to contexts, how individuals sharing dispositions involve and how differentiated attitudes in politics appear.