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Application of games theory in the researches of international relations.

Alina Guzaerova
St Petersburg State University
Alina Guzaerova
St Petersburg State University
Open Panel

Abstract

Statements about allegedly "an ideological inconsistency" of new methods in social sciences become much more frequent speech practice. Such resistance of the researchers can be explained by misunderstanding or by conservative view or sometimes by the fear of taking a bashing in the revaluation of values caused by new methods. The same situation is typical for a modern science of international relations. The majority of researchers can''t and doesn''t wish to accept mathematical methods as the tool of researching of the international relations criticizing the theory of games as one of directions of the positivist theory. And the last, as it is known, loses the consistency as the theory, which can be applicable adequately to the modern realities of political conditions. In our opinion, game modeling is effective mean of analysing situations and conflicts in international relations. Games theory, which lays on its basis, was developed for resolving such problems. We have tried to prove that absence of "own" methods doesn''t deprive an international relations theory of the right to existence. Not only social, but also many natural sciences quite successfully develop using common with other sciences "interdisciplinary" methods of studying of the object. Besides it is impossible to deny the fact that interdisciplinary becomes one of important conditions of scientific progress in any branch of knowledge. This paper critically examines those sections of games theory which are traditionally used in political science and in the analysis of international relations. The theoretic-game approach to the analysis of political processes is explained by the examples from the modern practice of world politics and history of the international relations.