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Panel Data Analysis

Member rate £492.50
Non-Member rate £985.00

Save £45 Loyalty discount applied automatically*
Save 5% on each additional course booked

*If you attended our Methods School in July/August 2023 or February 2024.

Course Dates and Times

Monday 6 – Friday 10 February 2023
Minimum 2 hours of live teaching per day
09:30 – 11:30 CET

Andrew X. Li

Central European University

Akos Mate

Centre for Social Sciences

This course provides a highly interactive online teaching and learning environment, using state-of- the-art online pedagogical tools. It is designed for a demanding audience (researchers, professional analysts, advanced students) and capped at a maximum of 16 participants so that the teaching team can cater to the specific needs of each individual.

Purpose of the course

This course focuses on panel data models estimated with OLS; namely, linear models for dependent variables that are continuous or can be reasonably assumed to be continuous.

Although the basic concepts and ideas also apply to models designed for binary or ordinal dependent variables such as probit or logit, these models are complicated by maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) and require a different set of foundations.

Limited course hours and the complexity of MLE means we won't cover non-continuous panel data models for dependent variables, such as fixed-effect logit and 2SLS (IV) probit models.

ECTS Credits

3 credits Engage fully with class activities 
4 credits Complete a post-class assignment

Instructor Bio

Andrew is an assistant professor at CEU's Department of International Relations. He obtained his PhD from the National University of Singapore and King’s College London.

His research interests include international political economy, research design, and quantitative methods. He teaches the Research Design and Methods in IR course series at CEU.


Akos Mate is a research fellow at the Centre for Social Sciences in Hungary. His key research area is the political economy of the European Union and its members’ fiscal governance.

He uses a wide variety of methods in his research, particularly automated text analysis (and attached various machine learning approaches), network analysis and more traditional econometric techniques.


Key topics covered

The course consists of three parts:
Part I

We discuss the logic and assumptions underlying panel data methods. You’ll learn how the development of more advanced methods is driven by the need to address potential violations of these assumptions. 

Part II

We focus on the various statistical approaches and tricks available to help you deal with such violations and problems hidden in your data. This will allow you to obtain estimates of effects as close as possible to the true causal effects. 

Part III

We apply the wide range of panel data methods discussed in the previous parts to substantive research questions. You will learn how these methods can provide answers to your own research questions.


A short review of OLS regression, emphasising key assumptions required for the OLS estimator to be the ‘best’ estimator, followed by simple panel data methods: two-period panel data analysis and first differencing.


Focusing on more advanced methods for estimating unobserved effects in the context of panel data analysis, we introduce fixed and random effect estimators. We discuss their properties and the assumptions needed for them to be valid. With these foundations, you will then study a relatively new correlated random effects approach; a synthesis of fixed-effects and random-effects methods which has been proven very useful. We'll apply these techniques using R and Stata during the hands on-session.


A lecture on the instrumental variable (IV) method, which deals with violations to the strict exogeneity assumption, followed by a connected group activity and a Q&A with the Instructors.


We move on to more advanced panel data methods that address further violations of the standard OLS assumptions, including clustered and robust standard error, panel-corrected standard error (PCSE) estimates, and dynamic panel methods (Arellano-Bond and system GMM estimators). We apply these techniques using R and Stata during the hands-on session.


To earn extra credits, you can present your research or research proposal that uses panel data methods, and receive feedback from the Instructor and fellow participants.

How the course will work online

The course combines pre-course assignments, such as readings and pre-recorded videos, as well as daily two-hour live lectures in Zoom, where you will interact with the Instructor and fellow participants in real time.

All readings and video materials, along with all R and Stata code and data, are uploaded to Canvas, the e-learning platform supporting course delivery. 

For the R practice, we will give you RStudio Cloud accounts, and use this R environment. Access details will be provided on Canvas.

This course builds on Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression and extends it to data with a panel or TSCS structure. You should be familiar with basic theories of OLS, up to multiple regression.

To participate meaningfully in the lab sessions, you should also have basic knowledge of Stata and/or R. 

Some background in linear algebra would be helpful but is not required.

You will need to watch nine pre-recorded video lectures before we cover the relevant materials and their application in class.