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EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY AND TURKEY

Dicle Korkmaz
Antalya Bilim University
Dicle Korkmaz
Antalya Bilim University
Open Panel

Abstract

This paper examines European energy security taking Turkey as a case study. Drawing from the English School and particularly from Buzan, the paper analyses the European energy security within the framework of the concept of “energy security society” which consists of different integration types based on pluralism and solidarism. Various master primary institutions such as diplomacy, sovereignty, trade, great power management and sustainability, and derivative primary institutions such as bilateralism, multilateralism, energy nationalism and the market take place in formulation and evolution of integration types in energy security societies. Within this context, the paper aims to understand the EU’s perception of Turkey in its energy security and questions the integration type the EU tries to establish with Turkey on energy. Turkey’s location, next to regions not only that produce but also hold huge reserves of oil and gas, is crucial for the EU for its diversification policy and establishment of a “Pan-European Energy Community”, which is proposed to develop common norms and values in neighboring countries and create a predictable and a transparent energy market in the wider Europe. Secondary legislation such as the Commission, the Council and the Summit papers are examined in order to understand which primary institutions take place and to what extent those primary institutions cooperate and contrast with each other. Overall, the paper provides a comprehensive analysis of EU’s energy security vis-à-vis its relations with Turkey in terms of energy.