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Brazil and the US Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy

carlo Patti
Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e Sociali, Università di Firenze
carlo Patti
Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e Sociali, Università di Firenze
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Abstract

The interpretation of the Brazilian adhesion to the US Nuclear Non-Proliferation policy will be the object of my paper. Relying on Brazilian and US primary sources, the study will try to demonstrate if the Brazilian path towards the nuclearization was influenced by the US policies. Moving in a period comprised between 1967 and 1998, the paper will show the reason of the Brazilian renunciation to the nuclear option. After the strong opposition to the NPT, seen as a discriminatory instrument, Brazil in mid-Nineties adhered to the treaty and concluded its secret nuclear military program. Despite Brazil had plans to develop and test some nuclear devices in mid-Eighties, at the end of the military rule, the government of Brasilia did not continued that policy. The democratic Brazil began a slow path for acceding the main nuclear non-proliferation regimes until signing and ratifying the NPT. What was the role of the United States in the Brazilian decisions? Did Washington impede Brazil to develop a nuclear bomb?