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Shall we regulate or monitor the private military actors as specific non-state actors? Do we need to gain more control over them on the global level?

Open Panel

Abstract

Non-state actors are entities which have an irreplaceable position in the current global system. In the last decades they have become so influential that the analysis of the current global system is impossible without their characterisation. Individuals and non-state actors are the pillars of global civil society and the appropriateness of the terms “global” and “civil society” is subject to many discussions. As Mary Kaldor says: “global civil society (societas civilis) is a peaceful political community based on an implicit or explicit consensus of all its members”. But is it true in reality? Or do we specify, on the contrary, a specific “dark zone” which requires a more detailed observation? The proposed paper advances an alternative hypothesis that the existence of global civil society and the structure of global governance inadvertently support the participation of “unsocial” non-state actors. My hypothesis leads to a discussion whether non-state actors may be defined with two contradictory aspects – the positive altruistic approach and the negative aspect supporting the emergence of war, terrorism, radicalism etc. Non-state actors are very heterogeneous and the lack of their control might lead to negative tendencies in the current global system. The core of my paper lies in the endeavour to find an answer to the following question: Shall we create specific institutions which would be responsible for gaining control over non-state actors? Shall we create specific institutions which would be responsible for gaining control over private military corporations? Is this procedure the right approach in eliminating the potential of specific global threats? The current global system - the system of global governance is based on a unique interconnection of intergovernmental relations and non-state actors, therefore we shall concentrate on solutions of specific threats resulting from the lack of control of non-state actors.