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Dictature and corporativism: political elite and technocrats in the Fascist Italy

Goffredo Adinolfi
Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia – CIES-IUL
Goffredo Adinolfi
Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia – CIES-IUL
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Abstract

The relationship between economics and politics is one of the central themes in fascist movement''s rhetoric. Corporativism, and the overtake of the dualism represented by capitalism/socialism, is the answer offered to fight against the crisis opened by the first world war. But corporativism in the fascist regime represented only a marginal theory, mainly used for propaganda rather than to inspire economic choises. Which were the relationship between The Fascist regime and the economy? Which were the trajectories of decision-making in the economic field? What was the relationship between the technocratic wing and corporativist wing? Who won the battle for the definition and application of economic theory to be applied in Italy in the twenties and thirties and forties? The paper intends to address the issue through an empirical analysis of political and economic elites of fascism, highlighting the structure and the influences of men who composed these elite. The central question to which you want to answer is: as an economic structure in a given context, what are the margins of freedom that a system can enjoy?