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Minorities and New Nationalisms in Western Europe. The Cases of Corsica and Sardinia

Constitutions
Ethnic Conflict
National Identity
Nationalism
Council of Europe
Carla Melis
European Affairs - Centro Studi Roma 3000
Carla Melis
European Affairs - Centro Studi Roma 3000

Abstract

The research aims to identify the main factors that added up to the recent national revival in Western Europe and to frame this issue within a global context throughout a sociological as well as a juridical perspective. The two case-study (Corsica and Sardinia) have been choosen for three main reasons: 1) the geographical analogy; 2) the historical situation (the populations are both native minorities); 3) the two islands are both part of a european state member. These common charateristics enable a comparative study and allow to explain the differences between the sardinian and corsican parties in terms of electoral results and political praxis. National revival: a sociological perspective - National revival and the origin of national movements – the effects of globalization – Contemporary crisis of the nation-state – Social integration patterns in post-modernity – A new outlook: the inclusive ethno-nationalism – Socio-economic factors of nationalism Juridical settings for the inclusion of minorities A definition of minority – Minorities and citizenship – Self-government and cultural protection – Confronting french and italian political systems International reference points - An International Frame Convention on minorities – Minorities within the European Union The cases - Sardinia - Corsica