Building: VMP 8 Floor: 1 Room: 106
In order for democratic innovations to meat great expectations, is institutionalisation a clear improvement, a necessary way, or a betrayal of their spirit? As the “crisis of representative democracy” seems to deepen, democratic innovations might become institutions, which are “a permanent answer to a permanent problem” (Berger & Luckman, 1967). But moving from ad hoc and ephemeral experimentations to long-term official structures presents both promises, challenges and risks. Instead of taking “institution” as a static object, the point is to study “institutionalisation” as an ongoing process; shaken by conflicts, never linear and that no one fully controls (Lagroye & Offerlé, 2011).
1) Is there actually an institutionalisation trend of democratic innovations, and what are its indicators? What opposition does it faces? What risks does it raises? Why after decades of experimental attempts and the rise of a “deliberative imperative” (Blondiaux & Sintomer, 2002), institutionalisation still seems rare?
2) What processes, actors and contexts turn democratic innovations into new democratic institutions? Which configurations can lead to a success or a failure? Does the transition from innovation to institution change the “spirit” of the structure? Are the international transfers of devices producing a standardisation?
3) What kind of effects does the institutionalisation of democratic innovations create? On the institutional system (macro), on the organisation and public policies (meso), on the individuals (micro)? How do participatory institutions construct (or fail to construct) a specific type of “citizens”, and how those individuals adjust to such roles or subvert them?
This panel will gather papers based on various cases and methods, from diverse countries and levels; local, national or international, and based on empirical data and actual case studies; either from a monographic or a comparative perspective.