Addressing Intersectionality: Social Movements and the Politics of Inclusivity

Participation
 
Methodology
 
Workshop Number
WS02
Workshop Director
Eléonore Lépinard
Université de Lausanne

Abstract
Social movements play a critical role in local, national and international politics, mobilising a range of diverse groups and interests. Exploring who is included and who is excluded within these movements is a critical project. It is a task that requires an intersectional lens to examine how multiple and overlapping points of oppression shape power dynamics within social movements. Such an approach, enables scholars to identify the challenges that a lack of heterogeneity poses to the legitimacy, accountability and representational functions of social movement politics.

With historical and theoretical roots in Black feminism and women of color activism, intersectionality is a concept forged to address concerns relating to inclusivity and representation in social movement (Davis 1981, hooks 1981, Moraga and Anzaldúa 1981, Lorde 1984, Crenshaw 1989). More than four decades later, acknowledging diversity, inequalities invisibilities, as well as desires to “organize on one’s own” (Roth 2004) amongst political activists has become increasingly important to gender and politics, LGBTQI+ politics, and race and politics scholars; many of whom argue that identifying and analyzing power dynamics between and amongst different identity groups is critical to exploring issues of access and inclusion within civil society movements (e.g. Crenshaw 1991, Strolovitch 2008, Springer 2005).

However, this call for an intersectional perspective on social movement’s discourses, practices and politics of alliances and conflicts is far from being systematically adopted by social movements scholars. Whilst intersectionality has constituted a paradigm shift in gender studies (Hancock, 2007), and has become increasingly important for scholars of race and ethnicity as well as LGBTQI politics (Kearl, 2015), it is not clear whether those active within other types of social movement, or those studying them, also take account of difference and the interactive effects of identity markers and structural inequalities. While research exploring intersectionality and social movements will necessarily appeal to scholars of women’s, civil rights, labor unions, migrant rights and LGBTQI+ movements; issues of inclusion, accessibility and accountability are critical for all of those working on social movement studies.

The purpose of this workshop is to develop a new research network that is dedicated to exploring the conceptual, empirical and methodological challenges and opportunities that applying an intersectional framework offers to scholars of social movement studies who are looking to apply it to new areas. Hence, this research network will bring together those working on empirical and theoretical studies that examine a range of different social movements, in order to develop new ways of thinking about, and applying, intersectionality.

We invite papers that explore the current ‘state’ of intersectionality politics and the politics of intersectionality as they apply to social movements in Europe and around the world. In particular, we welcome papers that address inter-related and politically relevant questions concerning the ways in which we apply and theorize intersectionality in our studies of social movements:

• How does the politics of exclusion or inclusion play out within social movements?
• How does race, religion, gender, sexuality, disability, and class structure activism in various contexts and at different levels (national/transnational)?
• Which kinds of social movements take account of intersectionality and how?
• How are movements and organizations trying to put in practice(s) intersectionality?
• How is intersectionality shaping alliances or conflicts between movements and organizations?
• What are the strategies, tactical repertoires, boundary making and identity-building practices forged by movements representing multiply-marginalized groups in different contexts? How do they negotiate the tension between self-organization and alliance with/inclusion in other movements?
• Do social movements that are not based upon traditional categories of identity politics, such as animal rights or labor movements, reflect upon issues of differences/inclusion?
• What can an intersectional lens bring to studies of identity and affect within movements?
• How can intersectionality help us address the success or failure of specific tactical repertoires?
• How does the language and discourse of intersectionality - or other concepts that might be used to designate similar issues - affect debates concerning inclusion in different countries and in different movements?
• What are the methodological tools that must be developed to foster an intersectional perspective in social movements studies?

This timely workshop will provide a critical reflection on both the historic and conceptual development of the intersectional framework, as well as facilitating empirical and theoretical analyses of future directions for the role of intersectionality in social movement research.

Paper List


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Disability, Intersectionality and Social Movements: A Case Study of the Women's Movement in the UK View Paper Details
Doing Intersectionality in Gender-Based Violence: The Dynamics of Inclusion, Opposition, Coalition and Power View Paper Details
Embodied Politics: Disability Narratives, Trans Discourses, and the Struggles for New Forms of Associativism View Paper Details
Explaining LGBTQ Activism of Colour in Canada: An Intersectional Theoretical Framework View Paper Details
Generations, Waves and Intersectionality in the Study of Feminist Movements View Paper Details
Intersectional and Transnational Coalitions during Times of Crisis: The European LGBTI Movement View Paper Details
Intersectional Views on the Transnational Domestic Workers’ Movement View Paper Details
Intersectionality and Peace-building through Transnational Women Networks in the post-Yugoslav Space View Paper Details
Intersectionality in Conservative Movements: How (upper) Class Stratification shapes Minority Alliances and Collective Identities View Paper Details
Intersectionality Shaping the Movement: The Emergence of Self-organized Post-2011 Feminist Groups in Morocco View Paper Details
Reconciling Islamic-Reformist Feminist Thought with the Intersectionality Framework View Paper Details
Social Movements and Europeanization: Resisting and Embracing Intersectionality in the Periphery View Paper Details
The Politics of Intersectionality in Activism against Gender-based Violence in Romania View Paper Details
Transversal politics against racism and right-wing populism. The cases of Austria and Denmark View Paper Details
What’s wrong with intersectionality: a comparative study of the Belgian and the German women’s movements View Paper Details
Whiteness and resistance to intersectionality in feminist movements in France and Québec View Paper Details
Whiteness in the feminist self-help movement – France, Switzerland, Belgium. View Paper Details
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