Building: 27SG Floor: First Room: 12
Building European science to compete with American dominance has long been a central aim of European policy makers. CERN (1954) and the European Science Foundation (1972) are examples of this political commitment. Since the 2000s, with the increasing role of the knowledge economy, the pressures to develop European research that responds to the needs of the economy have increased. With the development of data-driven policies and policy tools such as the Shanghai Ranking of world-class universities global convergences have taken place in higher education and research. Global competition for academic capital has become fiercer than ever before. In national research systems, these developments have prompted stratification processes between first and second class institutions, between those able to compete globally and those doomed to remain players at national or regional levels. The ESF and the EUs Framework Programmes have seen their role fade with the development of new funding institutions like the European Research Council (2007) and Science Europe (2011). They aim at integrating a unified European Research Area into the evolving, US -dominated global academic field. This panel invites theoretical and empirical papers that explore the links between the Europeanization of research and academic globalization processes.