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ECPR Standing Group on the European Union 10th Biennial Conference LUISS, Rome

Constitutional Politics and De-Democratization

Europe (Central and Eastern)
 
Comparative Politics
 
Constitutions
 
Democracy
 
Executives
 
Institutions
 
Qualitative
 
Panel Number
P086
Panel Chair
Petra Stykow
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München – LMU
Panel Co-Chair
Astrid Lorenz
Universität Leipzig
Panel Discussant
Petra Stykow
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München – LMU

Time
25/08/2018 11:00 - 12:40
Location
Building: VMP 9 Floor: Ground Room: VMP9-Lecture Hall
Abstract
Over the past decade, constitutional politics has been returning to Central and Eastern Europe. In many places, the current condition is reminiscent of the early post-communist period, when constitution-making was about “rebuilding the ship in the open sea” and actors were bargaining for higher-order decision-making rules rather than being constrained by them in ordinary political practice. Taking a pragmatic, utilitarian approach to constitutions and constitutional politics, the main actors continue to conflate “normal” political competition and constitutional rule-setting and re-writing. However, the overall picture seems to be different from the early 1990s in that the drafters of constitutional revisions do not explicitly refer anymore to Western templates as the single most important source of constitutional inspiration, or even frankly refuse to do so.
The panel aims at taking some steps toward a better understanding of constitutional politics in young democracies that are similarly challenged by the growth of political polarization, populism, alienation etc. as the established democracies in Western Europe, but cannot rely on longstanding democratic traditions and a deep normative commitment of elites and citizens to liberal constitutionalism. How does this affect constitutional politics?
The papers in the panel analyse constitutional change, understood as the political practice of constitutional reforms as well as rhetorical and interpretative practice. The amount and causes of constitutional flexibility – or even tinkering – are examined, as well as the role of the main political actors, i.e., competing political parties, presidents, and constitutional courts. Do we find a regional, i.e., post-communist pattern of constitutional politics? Have the post-communist liberal constitutions simply failed to take roots in the political culture and continue to be adapted to their contexts, or do we observe a substantially new wave of constitution-(re)making? If so: what is new and why? What are the factors that push constitutional courts to judicial activism and intervention into conflicts within the executive or between governing parties and the opposition? Are there meaningful changes in the realm of “real” constitutions, i.e., in the actual basic rules of the political game, without amending the “parchment”?
The papers submitted to this panel present small-N or case studies aiming at an emic understanding of constitutions and constitutional politics in Central and Eastern Europe “from within.”

Paper List


Title Details
(De)politicization of the Constitution? Trends in Constitutional Politics in Hungary from 1990 to 2018 View Paper Details
Constitutions Without Constitutionalism? Constitutional Politics in East Central Europe View Paper Details
Hands Off the Constitution! The Oppositional Judges in Poland and Their Struggle for Checks and Balances View Paper Details
How Strong is the President in Government Formation? A New Classification and the Czech Case View Paper Details
Institutional Interests in Constitutional Politics: Why the Initiator Matters for the Success or Failure of Constitutional Amendments View Paper Details
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