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From Maastricht to Brexit by Richard Bellamy and Dario Castiglione

New Directions in Comparative Presidentialism: Cross-Regional Perspectives

Workshop Number
08
Workshop Director
Mariana Llanos
German Institute of Global And Area Studies
Workshop Co-Director
Timothy Power
University of Oxford

Abstract
An authentically comparative body of research on presidentialism did not emerge in political science until the 1990s, yet the past twenty years have produced remarkable advances in the literature. Various “perils of presidentialism”, particularly the idea that presidentialism is vulnerable in multiparty environments, have been questioned on both theoretical and empirical grounds. Numerous factors have been proposed to explain the surprising sustainability of presidentialism, particularly coalition formation and the constitutional powers of presidents. The debate is shifting toward new dependent variables, away from simple regime survival and toward the quality of democracy, especially horizontal and vertical accountability. Yet the more recent literature has often been univariate (looking at one institutional variable to the exclusion of others), has frequently been divorced from local context (ignoring national histories, cultures, and trajectories), has generally overlooked the role of informal institutions, and has occasionally staked generalizations on the experience of a single world region, typically Latin America. This workshop aims to redress these imbalances by inviting second-generation comparative studies of presidentialism in which the dependent variable is no longer regime breakdown and in which the theoretical content invites rich cross-regional comparisons. We are particularly interested in comparative studies of presidential leadership, coalitional politics in multiparty contexts, and the internal organization of the presidency itself. We encourage contributions on presidential democracy in Africa, Asia and postcommunist Europe. The workshop aims to move us forward to the next phase of theory building, in which we can interrogate the tradeoffs between governability and accountability in new presidential democracies.

Paper List


Title Details
‘Imperial’ President and ‘Lame Duck’ President: Development of the Presidentialism of South Korea View Paper Details
Choosing Whom to Trust: The Risk of Agency Loss and Ministerial Partisanship in Presidential Regimes View Paper Details
Coalitional Presidentialism from the Vantage Point of the Assembly: The Views of National Legislators in Brazil, Chile, and Ecuador View Paper Details
How Coalitions Structure Preferences? A study on Legislative Behaviour in Brazil (1988-2010) View Paper Details
Minister Turnover under Presidentialism. A Framework for Analysis, with Reference to Argentina View Paper Details
Organising to Rule: What Explains Presidential Management Styles in Countries in Transition? View Paper Details
President Restrained: Effects of Parliamentary Rule and Coalition Government on Indonesia’s Presidentialism View Paper Details
Presidential Power between Constitution and Reality View Paper Details
Presidents and Cabinets in New Democracies: Bargaining Over Cabinet Size in Post-Communist Countries View Paper Details
Presidents and the Power of Dissolution View Paper Details
The Institutional Presidency in Comparative Perspective: Argentina and Brazil since the 1980s View Paper Details
The Presidential 'Toolkit': Maximising the Validity of Cross-national Measures of Presidential Power View Paper Details
The Structure of Cabinets Co-Sponsorship Networks in Multiparty Presidential Systems View Paper Details
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