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From Maastricht to Brexit by Richard Bellamy and Dario Castiglione

Welfare State, Labor Market Outsiders and the Strength of Radical Populist Parties in Europe

Presenter
Andrija Henjak
University of Zagreb
Authors
Andrija Henjak
University of Zagreb

Abstract
Two concurrent trends can be observed in countries of Western Europe recently. One is the segmentation of the labor market on insiders and outsiders and the second is the rise of radical-populist parties of the left and right. Both segmentation of the labor market as well as the strength, profile and the electorate of radical-populist parties vary across countries.
This paper argues that variation in both the strength of the labor market segmentation and the strength and profile of radical-populist parties depends on the ability of welfare state to compensates outsiders and ameliorate consequences of segmentation of the labor market. The paper advances two principal propositions. 1) Where labor market segmentation is relatively low, and where welfare state is more efficient in dealing with segmentation of the labor market support for radical populist parties is likely to be weaker or less concentrated among outsiders, or more ideologically focused on social and cultural protectionism. 2) Where segmentation of the labor market is more pronounced and where welfare state is less efficient in compensating outsiders and ameliorating consequences of the segmentation of the labor market and, we could expect increased support for radical populist parties among outsiders and ideology of these parties to be founded on a mix of economic and cultural protectionism.
The paper aims to test these propositions using a multilevel analysis combining micro level data from European Social Survey and macro level data about welfare state policies directed at labor market outsiders and measures of the effectiveness of these policies.
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