Paradigm Shift? Understanding the Third Mission and Scientific Knowledge Production in University in Malaysia

Globalisation
 
Governance
 
Higher Education
 
Presenter
Farah Purwaningrum
Institute of Asian Studies, University of Brunei Darussalam
Authors
Farah Purwaningrum
Institute of Asian Studies, University of Brunei Darussalam

Abstract
The Paper examines how conceptualization and materialization of the third mission of university affect scientific knowledge production in Malaysia. In light of scientific knowledge; materialization of the third mission will bring more interactions with respect to production, use, application and exploitation of knowledge outside academic environments (Jongbloed 2010). In Malaysia, currently there is a transformation of higher education which is pushed, at least to some extent, by the National Higher Education Strategic Plan (PSPTN) 2007-2020 (Sirat 2014). There have been scholarly contributions with regard to the role of universities in terms of the triple helix innovation in Malaysia (Razak and Saad 2007, see also Etzkowitz 2008), science policy in Malaysia (Gerke and Evers 2015) and transnational higher education in Malaysia (Shams and Huisman 2014). The proposed paper builds further from these studies by asking the following research questions: how does the third mission as prescribed by the Ministry of Higher Education in Malaysia affect scientific knowledge production in university? Is there any paradigm shift giving university greater autonomy in its knowledge production activity? The Paper will offer findings from empirical fieldwork carried out by the author through in-depth interviews of lecturers in two universities located in Penang, Malaysia in 2015. In addition to the interviews, data analysis was carried out using documents and government reports from 2011-2016.
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