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From Maastricht to Brexit by Richard Bellamy and Dario Castiglione

A Discoursive Approach for Foreign Policy Analysis of Turkey in the post 9/11 Process

Presenter
Filiz Coban
Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University
Authors
Filiz Coban
Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Abstract
Self-image of a nation reflects on its identity in the presence of other nations or in public. In the case of Turkey, Turkish self-image is often constructed vis-a`-vis the West or Europe. Westernisation and secularisation are equated with Turkish modernisation because of the fact that Western civilization was seen as the superior model of civilisation by the foundation elites of Turkey. However, the construction of Turkish nationalism as a modernisation project of Kemalist state elites created a gap between the centre and periphery in construction of “others”, religiously, ethnically or culturally excluded groups and identities. The change of Turkey in the 2000s led by the post-Islamist AKP government has affected many core problematic areas of national policies, discourses and identities in Turkey, such as the representation of Islamic groups in politics and the acknowledgment of cultural and political rights of Kurds and Non-Muslim minorities. In this context, by making use of Discourse Theory of Foreign Policy Analysis (Waever 2002; Hansen 2006)and Critical Discourse Analysis (Wodak et all 1999) this paper presents the power struggle of different discourses of Turkish nationalism over their relations with “others” in changing internal and international circumstance of the 2000s.
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