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Political Research Exchange

What Explains the Politicisation of Insider-Outsiders Divides in Europe?

Presenter
Thomas Kurer
Harvard University
Authors
Hanna Schwander
Hertie School of Governance
Silja Häusermann
University of Zurich
Thomas Kurer
Harvard University

Abstract
The paper aims to explain why there is only sparse evidence of a mobilization and politicization of insider-outsider divides. In order to explain this, the paper investigates the links between labor market segmentation, household structures, resource-levels of outsiders and preference divides empirically for all West European countries on the basis of country-level data (employment protection scores) and aggregated individual-level data from the ESS 2008 survey. On the basis of individual-level data, we will propose different measures of the extent of the insider-outsider divides regarding distributive preferences (redistribution, social investment) and we will relate them to institutional and structural features of dualized labor markets (levels of employment regulation, spread and depth of labor market inequality) in order to show that there is no direct, straightforward link between the two. In order to test the effects of household composition and outsider resources, we will compute interaction models, as they allow us to test whether the link between inequality in the labor market and insider-outsider divides becomes stronger in contexts, where households are more homogenous and outsiders more resourceful.
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